A silicone mold is a type of mould that can be made from plastic.
It is a thin film that can act as a waterproof barrier between plastic and the air.
These molds have been used for decades in various industries including textiles and plastics.
But it is the first time that they have been successfully used for textiles.
“The main advantage of this material is that it can be used in a wide range of applications, such as textiles, paints, paints and plastics,” Dr Nafeez Ahmed, from the University of Technology Sydney, said.
“Its good for textile applications, because the high strength and water resistance of the material means that it will not rust, as the plastic tends to do.”
The first applications of silicone moulds in textiles Dr Ahmed said they were not particularly well suited to industrial applications.
But with advances in textile technologies, such molds could be adapted for use in other applications, including textile production, he said.
The researchers have designed a flexible, heat-resistant material, called SLS, to make a silicone mold.
SLS has two properties that make it particularly suitable for use as a silicone mender: the stiffness of the resin and the ability to absorb heat.
The stiffness of SLS is what makes it suitable for texturing textiles that have a high mechanical resistance.
It’s the ability of SSS to absorb a temperature gradient, which allows the resin to be heated up while also preventing the textiles from sticking to the surface.
Dr Ahmed also said that because the resin absorbs heat, it can also be used as a barrier.
The material was also developed by Dr Ahmed’s lab at the Australian National University (ANU), where he is a research fellow.
“We designed a process called thermally bonded polymers,” he said, which uses an electric current to bond the material with other materials.
The materials, which have a specific density of about 20 per cent, are used for a range of products, including textile textiles used in furniture, rubber, plastic, textiles for paint and inks.
The scientists have also developed an alternative material, Zinc oxide molds.
These can be found in industrial textiles such as paint, plastic and ceramics.
They have been tested to work well in texturing polymers, such textiles as polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polyvinylene glycol (PVG), but are unsuitable for textural applications.
“There are a number of different processes for making Zinc oxides,” Dr Ahmed explained.
“For example, you could use a combination of two or three of these materials to make polyvinylon, and you could also use one of these to make PVP or PVP+ polymer.”
The new material has an added advantage over silicone mould in that it does not contain chemicals.
“This means that, if the silicone mold breaks down or needs replacement, it’s easy to replace the SLS molds with the Zinc-oxidant material,” Dr Ahmad said.
This is a major advantage for the research group, as it has been able to test the material to make sure that it was not causing problems.
The study also found that the material could be used to create a number inks, including a number made from titanium dioxide and gold, which is used in ceramically textiles to create ink.
The team also made a coating of zinc oxide to use in future applications.
Dr Ahmad’s lab has recently been making silicone mould for a new type of textiles called plastic-to-resist, or PTR.
“PTR is an industry first, because it has proven to be a flexible material that is strong enough to resist the mechanical stresses experienced in a number or type of applications,” Dr Muthia Khan, from Dr NAFeez Ahmed’s research group at the ANU, said in a statement.
“Our next step is to continue to improve our research to develop a wide array of applications that could benefit from this material.”
The Australian National Green Building Council (ANGC) and the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACCTU) both recognised the importance of using silicone mends as a key technology for textured textiles in the report of the Australian Textile Manufacturers Association (ATMA).
“Silicone molds offer the potential for a wide variety of applications and are being used to produce new textiles at scale,” the report said.
It noted that silicone mould could be a key factor in the adoption of environmentally friendly textiles by textile workers, who were concerned about the environmental impacts of using a mould for texturising.
“Silicon molds can be manufactured by large scale factories, and they have the potential to be an environmentally-friendly alternative to the use of conventional textiles,” Dr Khan said.