Molds are one of the most common causes of water contamination in the US.
But new research suggests that even the most benign types of mold are toxic to humans.
Mold toxins can be harmful to people, particularly those with compromised immune systems, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
They can cause serious respiratory illnesses, kidney damage, and can be fatal.
In a new study published in the journal PLOS ONE, scientists looked at the role of mold toxins in the gut of two groups of mice.
The first group had normal, healthy gut microbes, while the second had a strain of mold that was able to grow in the mice’s gut.
The results showed that the second group had more mold toxins, with a higher number of toxins per gram of feces compared to the normal mice.
“Our study shows that mice fed with high amounts of mold in their diets showed more gut inflammation than mice fed normal diets,” said study co-author Dr. Matthew S. DeGraw, a microbiologist at the University of Pennsylvania.
“The results also suggested that gut inflammation is a key mechanism for the development of mold toxicity.”
The researchers also tested the animals’ immune systems.
The mice that had high levels of mold were less likely to be resistant to infections.
Molds can cause health problems in humans.
They are one cause of food poisoning, which can lead to respiratory infections and even death.
They also can cause inflammation of the lining of the gut.
But because of their ability to grow, these types of fungi can be able to colonize healthy tissue, and thus cause damage.
“Mold is a major contributor to health problems, but it’s not always clear how these types are associated with specific diseases,” said co-senior author Dr. Paul M. A. Burch, a professor of microbiology at Cornell University.
“This study shows how the microbiome plays a role in how disease develops.”
The study found that mold toxins could damage the normal gut microbiota of mice, causing the bacteria to become resistant to antibiotics and viruses.
This could make the microbes less effective at clearing the toxins from the body.
Burch and his colleagues found that the normal bacteria in the normal mouse gut were also able to fend off the mold toxins.
This meant that the mice had a lower risk of developing mold toxicity than the mice that were exposed to mold toxins from their diet.
“These results highlight the importance of looking at the microbes in the environment, which are often the most complex of the host’s interactions, to understand how they may interact with the environment and develop disease,” said DeGRAW.
“Our work provides further evidence that the gut microbiome may play a role not only in host physiology, but also in disease.”
The findings could also have implications for human health.
Mold infections in people have been linked to chronic inflammation of a host’s immune system.
Studies have found that exposure to mold can also trigger the immune system to attack and kill healthy cells.
Mould toxins can also cause damage to the gut lining, leading to gut inflammation.
This can lead, in turn, to a buildup of toxins that can cause symptoms such as bloating and diarrhea.
This new study could lead to better guidelines for how people manage their food and drink, and more accurate ways to test for these toxins.
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